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How does cryotherapy effect ankle proprioception in healthy individuals?

Somatosensory & Motor Research: Volume 34, 2017, Issue 3, pp.158-171; doi.org/10.1080/08990220.2017.1372739

Daniel Houten and Darren Cooper

  • Sports Therapy, University of Worcester, Worcester, UK
  • Institute of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Worcester, Worcester, UK

Abstract

Received 01 Mar 2017, Accepted 24 Aug 2017, Published online: 27 Sep 2017.

Objectives To investigate how a 15-min cryotherapy intervention effects proprioception by measuring joint positional sense (JPS) and static single legged balance. Design Repeated measures design. Setting Laboratory. Participants Eighteen healthy university sports team students (11 males, 7 females) aged between 20 and 21 years old. Main outcome measures Participants were treated with 15 min of Aircast Cryo-cuff. The subject’s skin temperature was measured before and immediately after 15 min of cryotherapy treatment.

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Can Genetics Predict Sports Injury? The Association of the Genes GDF5, AMPD1, COL5A1 and IGF2 on Soccer Player Injury Occurrence

Sports 2018, 6(1), 21; doi.org/10.3390/sports6010021    

Kiah McCabe and Christopher Collins*

Muhdo Health Ltd., Ipswich IP4 2BN, UK

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Abstract

Received: 15 January 2018, Revised: 17 February 2018, Accepted: 27 February 2018, Published: 5 March 2018.

Genetics plays an integral role in athletic performance and is increasingly becoming recognised as an important risk factor for injury. Ankle and knee injuries are the most common injuries sustained by soccer players. Often these injuries result in players missing training and matches, which can incur significant costs to clubs. This study aimed to identify genotypes associated with ankle and knee injuries in soccer players and how these impacted the number of matches played. 289 soccer players, including 46 professional, 98 semi-professional and 145 amateur players, were genetically tested. Ankle and knee injuries and the number of matches played were recorded during the 2014/15 season.

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Full gait cycle analysis of lower limb and trunk kinematics and muscle activations during walking in participants with and without ankle instability

Gait & Posture: Volume 64, July 2018, Pages 114-118; doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.06.001

Lynsey Northeast, Charlotte N. Gautrey, Lindsay Bottoms, Gerwyn Hughes, Andrew C.S. Mitchell, Andrew Greenhalgh.

  • University of Hertfordshire, College Lane Campus, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB, United Kingdom
  • University of San Francisco, 2130 Fulton Street, San Francisco, CA, 94117, United States
  • University of Bedfordshire, Polhill Avenue, Bedford, Bedfordshire, MK41 9EA, United Kingdom

Abstract

Received 17 January 2018, Revised 31 May 2018, Accepted 1 June 2018, Available online 7 June 2018.

  • Full time-series kinematic and EMG signals were reported during walking.
  • Comparisons were drawn between healthy athletes and those with CAI.
  • Significantly increased early stance FFTBA inversion in unstable vs stable limb.
  • No other differences in kinematics or muscle activation observed between groups.
  • CAI group kinematics may predispose to episodes of giving way and recurrent sprains.
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Epidemiology of injury in English Professional Football players: A cohort study

Physical Therapy in Sport: Volume 35, January 2019, Pages 18-22; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2018.10.011

Ashley Jones, Gareth Jones, Neil Greig, Paul Bower, James Brown, Karen Hind, Peter Francis.

  • Musculoskeletal Health Research Group, School of Clinical and Applied Science, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, LS13HE, United Kingdom
  • Department of Sport and Exercise Science, Durham University, Durham, DH1 3HN, United Kingdom

Abstract

Received 31 August 2018, Accepted 19 October 2018, Available online 29 October 2018.

  • Previous epidemiological studies reported muscle injury to be the highest in incidence and prevalence in professional male football players.
  • This study aims to provide an update on current epidemiological figures in football players, competing across all professional English leagues.
  • The reported findings will serve to influence medicine and science staff in decision making of injury prevention strategies and procedures.
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Fundamental Motor Skills of Children in Deprived Areas of England: A Focus on Age, Gender and Ethnicity

Children 2018, 5(8), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5080110

Leanne Jaye Adeyemi-Walker*, Michael Duncan, Jason Tallis and Emma Eyre

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Centre for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 2DS, UK

Abstract

Received: 15 June 2018 / Revised: 25 July 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 13 August 2018.

This study compared the mastery of fundamental motor skills (FMS) of males and females in early-childhood (four to five years, n = 170) and in middle-childhood (nine to ten years, n = 109) who attend schools in deprived and ethnically diverse areas of England. Process FMS (object control and locomotor skills) were observed using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2. Sprint speed over 10 meters and jump distance assessments were conducted using light gates and tape measures. A gender (male vs. female) by year-group (early-childhood vs. middle-childhood) interaction was shown for the process and product-oriented FMS measurements.

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