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Research Articles

The effect of interactive digital interventions on physical activity in people with inflammatory arthritis

1. Alison J. Griffiths,   2. Claire M. White,  3. Peter K. Thain, 4. Lindsay M. Bearne

1. 2. 3. 4. Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, King’s College London, Addison House, Guys Campus, London SE1 1UL, UK

Abstract

Accepted: 12 March 2018
Published Online First: 19 March 2018 

Objectives: To evaluate the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of interactive digital interventions (IDIs) for physical activity (PA) and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with Inflammatory Arthritis [rheumatoid arthritis (RA), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) axial Spondyloarthritis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA)]. 

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How does cryotherapy effect ankle proprioception in healthy individuals?

1. Daniel Houten, 2. Darren Cooper

1.Sports Therapy, University of Worcester, Worcester, UK;
2.Institute of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Worcester, Worcester, UK.

Abstract

Accepted: 24 Aug 2017
Published Online First: 27 Sep 2017

Objectives: To investigate how a 15-min cryotherapy intervention effects proprioception by measuring joint positional sense (JPS) and static single legged balance. Design: Repeated measures design. Setting: Laboratory. Participants: Eighteen healthy university sports team students (11 males, 7 females) aged between 20 and 21 years old. Main outcome measures: Participants were treated with 15 min of Aircast Cryo-cuff. The subject’s skin temperature was measured before and immediately after 15 min of cryotherapy treatment. 

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Reduced severity of lumbo-pelvic-hip injuries in professional Rugby Union players following tailored preventative programmes

1.Kate L. Evans, 2.Jonathan Hughes,  3.Morgan D. Williams

1.School of Sport, Health and Outdoor Education, Faculty of Business & Management, University of Wales Trinity Saint David, United Kingdom
2.School of Sport and Exercise, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Gloucestershire, United Kingdom
3.School of Health, Sport and Professional Practice, Faculty of Life Sciences and Education, University of South Wales, United Kingdom

Abstract

Accepted 5 July 2017
Published Online First 12 July 2017

The aim of this study was to tailor lumbo-pelvic-hip (LPH) injury reduction programmes in professional rugby union players based on screening data and examine its effectiveness. Twenty-eight professional rugby union players were screened pre- and immediately post- the YO-YO intermittent recovery level 1 test using six hip and groin strength tests (adductor squeeze at 0°, 60° and 90°, prone hip extension, abductor, adductor hand held dynamometry). The changes in hip and groin measures, were analysed using hierarchical cluster analysis. Three clusters emerged and a tailored LPH injury reduction programme was administered for each cluster. 

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Psychological readiness to return to sport: three key elements to help the practitioner decide whether the athlete is REALLY ready?

1. Dale Forsdyke1,  2. Adam Gledhill2,   3. Clare Ardern3,4,5
+ Author Affiliations    
       
1. Applied Human Sciences Department, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, York St John University, York, UK.  
2. Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK
3. Aspetar Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar   
4. Division of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden   
5. School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia    
     
     

Abstract

Accepted 16 November 2016
Published Online First 1 December 2016

Return to sport (RTS) outcomes after severe injury are consistently poor.1 ,2 Psychological factors are important influences on returning to sport3 yet what it means to be psychologically ready to RTS is unclear.4 Rarely will an athlete be held back from RTS because he/she is not psychologically ready to return. Psychological factors correlate with injury occurrence,5 therefore these factors should be offered greater weighting in RTS decision-making

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Ankle-dorsiflexion range of motion during the weight-bearing lunge: Links to knee valgus injuries in landing tasks in football?

Danielle C. Ritson1, Josean Lekue2, Imanol Martin Garechana2, Julio Calleja-Gonzalez2,3, Manuel Mosqueira2, Matthew Cole1, Tabitha Dickson1, Mark De Ste Croix1 & Jonathan D. Hughes1

1University of Gloucestershire
2Athletic Club Bilbao
3University of the Basque Country

Abstract

Altered lower limb alignment, in particular knee valgus (KV) can predispose individuals to a greater risk of non-contact injury during dynamic activities common in sport such as landing, cutting and jumping[1]. More recently restricted dorsiflexion range of motion (DFROM) has been identified to effect landing mechanics[2]. Functionally 30° DFROM is required for physical activity, calculations have equated this to 10cm on weight-bearing lunge test (WBLT) (Figure 3). However, there appears to be limited empirical evidence exploring the effect of leg dominance on the relationship between DFROM and KV during landing in youth male footballers. 

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